Glossary and Acronyms
AAUP: The American Association of University Professors was formed in 1915 to protect of academic freedom for professors.
AFL: The American Federation of Labor was formed in 1886 to protect the rights of skilled laborers. It merged with the CIO in 1955 to form the AFL-CIO, an umbrella organization for the UFCT Local 1460.
AFT: The American Federation of Teachers was formed in 1916 "to protect the economic, social and professional interests of teachers." The UFCT Local 1460 is affiliated with the AFT.
Arbitration: The process by which the parties to a dispute submit their differences to the judgment of an impartial person or group by mutual consent or statutory provision.
ARPT: ARPT stands for "Appointment, Reappointment, Promotion, and Tenure." This is the acronym given to faculty committees formed within each department at Pratt Institute that make recommendations to the Chair concerning the issues named above. The procedures and duties associated with the ARPT process are outline in Article 16 of the Collective Bargaining Agreement.
CART: Committee on Appointment, Reappointment, and Tenure. The name given to the ARPT committee in the Department of English and Humanities, Pratt Institute.
CCE: Certificate of Continuous Employment. More commonly referred to at Pratt as "part-time tenure," an adjunct professor awarded CCE at Pratt receives benefits.
Clayton Antitrust Act: The 1914 Congressional Act prohibiting certain types of anti-competitive behavior.
CIO: The Congress for Industrial Organizations (previously the Committee for Industrial Organization) founded in 1935 by John L. Lewis to represent unskilled workers; merged with the AFL in 1955.
Collective bargaining: Negotiation between the representatives of organized workers and their employer or employers to determine wages, hours, rules, and working conditions.
IWW: More radical than the AFL, the Industrial Workers of the World (also known as the Wobblies) was founded in 1905 in an attempt to create an international union including all workers.
Mediation: An attempt to bring about a peaceful settlement or compromise between disputants through the objective intervention of a neutral party.
NLRB: The National Labor Relations Board was formed in 1935 to administer the National Labor Relations Act, the primary law governing relations between employers and unions in the private sector.
NYSUT: New York State United Teachers, founded in 1972, represents classroom teachers, college and university faculty and professional staff, school bus drivers, custodians, secretaries, cafeteria workers, teacher assistants and aides, nurses and healthcare technicians.
Sherman Antitrust Act: The 1890 Congressional Act is the oldest federal antitrust law in the United States. It places limits on cartels and monopolies.
Taylor Law: Passed in 1967, this law regulates the rights and limitations of unions for public employees in New York.
UFCT: United Federation of College Teachers Local 1460 was formed in 1962 and organizes faculty in private colleges and universities in New York City, including those at Pratt Institute and Long Island University.
UFT: The United Federation of Teachers, founded in 1960, is the sole representative of non-supervisory educators in New York City public schools. It is affiliated with NYSUT.
Yeshiva decision: The 1981 U.S. Supreme Court decision that ruled that faculty in a private university were determined to be "managerial" and therefore were not entitled to collective bargaining rights and other protections under federal labor law.
AAUP: American Association of University Professors
AFL: American Federation of Labor
AFT: American Federation of Teachers
ARPT: Appointment, Reappointment, Promotion, and Tenure
CART: Committee on Appointment, Reappointment, and Tenure
CCE: Certificate of Continuous Employment
CIO: Congress for Industrial Organizations
IWW: Industrial Workers of the World
NLRB: National Labor Relations Board
NYSUT: New York State United Teachers
UFCT: United Federation of College Teachers
UFT: United Federation of Teachers